Report Archive | 2010

Biomass prices in the heat and electricity sectors in the UK

This report gives the results of two studies carried out in 2009 to estimate the prices paid for biomass by the UK heat and electricity sectors in 2010 and 2020.

In the UK most pellets used for heating are imported and are projected to cost from £182 to £218/odt bulk in 2020. Meanwhile chips for heating are usually sourced domestically and are estimated to cost £111 to £138/odt in 2020.

For the electricity and large CHP sectors cost predictions were impacted by large uncertainty in wholesale power price and government policies.

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The potential for bioSNG production in the UK

This report reviews the potential for bioSNG production and use in the UK, in terms of suitable technologies, feedstocks and plant locations, potential for economic competitiveness when used in heat and CHP applications, and local emissions impacts. It also considers the policy climate for bioSNG production and use, barriers to production and use, and recommendations to overcome these barriers.

The study concludes that in the long term bioSNG could be an economically attractive option for providing low carbon heat in the domestic sector, in particular where direct use of biomass is not possible. BioSNG is primarily being developed outside of the UK, and we highlight the importance of encouraging and supporting the first bioSNG projects in the UK.

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Firewood drying facility in Chile – phase I

This report is a techno-economic analysis of a range of wood-drying technologies in Chile. We conclude that, for the regions under investigation, the optimal size for a wood-drying facility is between 1 and 2 MWth and that natural drying and solar black roof technologies are the most cost-effective technologies. We identify several important environmental and socio-economic advantages associated with drying wood before it is burned in homes, including a reduction in PM10 pollution, a reduction in the total wood extracted, and improved public health.

As a result of this work, a pilot project was implemented in Chile employing solar black roof technology – view phase II report for more details.

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Modelling the GHG emissions associated with the indirect land use impacts of biofuels

This report outlines the methodology used to calculate the ILUC impacts of 5 different biofuel feedstocks; oilseed rape, soy and palm biodiesel and wheat and sugarcane ethanol. An important element of the methodology was extensive stakeholder engagement. This report presents the results of the modelling study and also helps identify actions to help mitigate ILUC impacts. The report based on our model helped DfT formulate its position on ILUC and develop a response to the EU consultation on the subject.

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