Report Archive | 2014

Efficiency of firewood utilization in households in the pilot regions in Serbia

This report was carried out by E4tech and Quiddita on behalf of German Sustainable Development Organisation, GIZ. The report describes the current efficiency of wood fuel use in Serbia, in order to quantify the results of the activities conducted within the DKTI programme ‘Development of a Sustainable Bioenergy Market in Serbia’.

Through research and surveys across 6 municipalities, we concluded that the average efficiency for all tested cookers in combination with different fuel categories is 32.59% and that less than 3% of households surveyed used wood fuels efficiently. A key recommendation of this report is that firewood should be procured at least 6 months before the heating season starts in order to increase the efficiency of heating at no extra cost to the household.

This report forms part of E4tech’s wider involvement with the GIZ program in Serbia.

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EU 2030 Road Transport Decarbonisation Analysis

In 2014 the Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association (UNICA) commissioned E4tech to evaluate the potential for decarbonising the road transport sector to 2030 and assess the potential role of policies such as the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD). The study was very timely in the light of the recent EU 2030 Energy and Climate Package proposals that do not contain a specific transport sector target. Our report shows that a higher ‘FQD’ target to 2030 is achievable through reduction in fuel demand and alternative fuels, biofuels in particular, and would provide the necessary signal to encourage further road transport emissions reductions beyond efficiency gains and maintain biofuels as an option for deep decarbonisation in the period to 2050.

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Swiss Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Activities: Opportunities, barriers and public support

This project set out to understand the state of the fuel cell and hydrogen sector in Switzerland, primarily through interviews with relevant players, and put it into the context of global developments, through E4tech’s industry knowledge and further research. It identifies major gaps or barriers to sector development and suggests options for closing the gaps or removing the barriers. The assessment shows that financial support for the sector within Switzerland is generally judged to be appropriate and satisfactory. While some more could be done with greater funding, this was not considered to be a major constraint. However, the lack of overarching vision and context, and the highly fragmented nature of Swiss local markets, were seen as significant weaknesses. The lack of a co-ordinated approach to regulations, codes and standards has also hampered projects, as in some cases it is unclear where responsibility for these lies. Our analysis suggests that Swiss fuel cell and hydrogen technologies and organisations could be valuably additionally supported by non-financial means.

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The Fuel Cell Industry Review

Following on from the excellent series of Fuel Cell Industry Reviews by Fuel Cell Today, an E4tech-led team took over the baton in 2014 and continued the series. Our Fuel Cell Industry Reviews, which are available for free, offer data and analysis by region, application and fuel cell type and includes objective commentary on key events in the industry over the past year. They are compiled by a team led by E4tech – a prominent consultancy in the hydrogen and fuel cell sector – which included Bob Rose of the Breakthrough Technologies Institute and Jonathan Lewis, formerly with Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems.

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Firewood drying facility in Chile – phase II

This report is the final report of the firewood drying in Chile project, run by E4tech in conjunction with REPIC (Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion in International Cooperation). The report details the business plan and the design and building of a wood drying pilot plant based on an innovative solar thermal approach.

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Investing in the low carbon journey: Lessons from the first decade of UK policy on the road to 2050

The broad industry survey, supplemented by in depth interviews with senior executives showed that a consistent and sustained policy approach can produce both ‘green’ results and growth. The link between consistently applied policy and a ‘win-win’ in terms of investment and emissions performance was validated by the survey involving over 120 senior industry and stakeholder respondents. Carried out for LowCVP by E4tech and the Centre for Automotive Industry Research at Cardiff Business School, the study was conducted between March and June 2014.

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Sustainable Aviation Fuels – Potential for the UK aviation industry

Sustainable Fuel Road-Map outlines an opportunity to develop a UK industry for sustainable aviation fuels generating up to £265 million in economic value in 2030. Sustainable Aviation, a coalition of the UK’s airlines, airports, manufacturers, and air navigation service providers, commissioned E4tech to assess the potential contribution of sustainable fuels to commercial aviation in the UK to 2030 and 2050. E4tech completed a review of the potential pathways to sustainable aviation fuels including the development status and actors and developed a range of scenarios to estimate global and UK production capacity to 2030. Identification and prioritisation of the current market barrier was completed with extensive stakeholder engagement. The report estimates how much sustainable aviation fuel may be produced globally and in the UK to 2030, and the GHG emission savings that may be achieved through their use. The report also quantifies the potential value to the UK of developing sustainable aviation fuels.sustinable aviation

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Development of Water Electrolysis in the European Union

E4tech reviewed and summarised current water electrolysis technology and the potential for cost reduction and performance improvement to 2030. We consulted stakeholders throughout the electrolyser value chain. Together with our project partner Element Energy, we modelled specific hydrogen production cost for different end-use cases to identify which technology developments had the most influence on the commercial viability of the technology. The analysis included indirect value streams, such as grid balancing services and avoided grid reinforcement, and specific examples of national electricity markets, such as exemptions from electricity levies. We outlined a roadmap for electrolyser development and deployment that could make water electrolysis a key part of the future energy system. The FCHJU Program Office is using the results of our study to inform their funding priorities.

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Advanced Biofuel Feedstocks – An Assessment of Sustainability

In light of ongoing policy discussions within Europe regarding indirect land use change, and the announcement of an advanced biofuel demonstration competition to be launched in the UK in December 2014, DfT commissioned E4tech to gather evidence on the list of “Annex IX” feedstocks given within the proposed changes to the Renewable Energy Directive. The study summarises recent policy developments and assessed the effectiveness of multiple counting via a series of interviews. It also gathers detailed information on feedstock supply potentials, prices, biofuel production costs, technology pathway options and status, direct GHG emissions of different chains, competing uses and the indirect substitutions likely to occur (and their risks). This led to the creation of an analytical framework with a set of defined criteria at each point in a decision tree, to facilitate the assessment of feedstocks on a common basis, and determine which merit policy support.

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