To determine which supply chains can best contribute to efficient, low cost, and low emission bioenergy provision in the UK by 2050, E4tech developed a spatial Bioenergy Value Chain Model for the Energy Technology Institute. This toolkit has been used extensively by the ETI and E4tech since 2011, building up a knowledge base of scenarios able to achieve negative emissions. In 2016, ETI required assistance from E4tech to analyse 18 scenarios, highlighting key regions and technologies for growing and converting biomass into useful end vectors, and interpreting the differences and commonalities between scenarios. Our key findings regarding the dominance of local biomass heating and large centralised bioenergy with CCS facilities have been used by the ETI to generate a high-level roadmap, to be included in a future ETI bioenergy insights paper outlining the achievements of the ETI’s bioenergy programme.
Project Archive | 2017
In 2011 the Committee on Climate Change (CCC) conducted a review of the UK’s bioenergy potential. In 2017, our client Cadent Gas sought an update of the CCC scenarios, reflective of more recent data and developments, to derive the potential for biomethane and bioSNG production. E4tech assessed the resource potential of non-waste feedstocks, while partner Anthesis assessed the potential of waste resources. An initial review of the CCC’s report, including a critique of the assumptions and data in light of new published sources produced a starting point for the update. We identified 9 key non-waste feedstock types and developed low, medium and high scenarios for each to build up the overall bioenergy resource potential to 2050. In building these estimates for each feedstock, it was necessary to assess the total resource available and then apply competing uses, sustainability criteria and other constraints such as market, regulatory, technical, and infrastructure barriers. The client used this report to validate their internal business plans, and to present to stakeholders and decision makers as an indicator of the domestic bioenergy potential in the UK. The report is available from Cadent’s website.
E4tech supported a global energy industry player in developing its future biofuels strategy. We researched the size and nature of different global biofuel markets and explored the risks and uncertainties associated with these markets. We also provided insight on the likely available supply of biofuels in those markets, and the current status of different types of biofuel production technologies. E4tech’s contribution was invaluable in testing and challenging ongoing assumptions of the client, and supporting them in developing its position on the technologies and markets to target in the coming years. We have since been asked to provide similar input to other elements of the client’s wider bioenergy strategy.
E4tech supported the World Resource Forum (Sustainable Recycling Initiative) with the drafting, testing and continuous improvement of a set of “Guidance Principles” for sustainable management of secondary (recycled) metals. Metal recycling, especially from electronic waste, is highly harmful for the environment and workers, as it usually happens in less developed countries. The Guidance Principles aims to address environmental and socio-economic issues of metal recycling. They are developed following a multi-stakeholder consensus-based process.
E4tech contribution to the Guidance Principles included: 1) The writing and formatting of the Guidance Principles, including background, scope, references, definitions, environmental and socio-economic principles, objectives & requirements, implementation steps, as well as traceability requirements, assurance (i.e. how compliance is evaluated through 1st, 2nd or 3rd party verifications) and governance. 2) The facilitation of multi-stakeholder consultations (in-person and virtual) and consensus building, in line with ISEAL codes of conduct and in combination with an ISO IWA framework. This included the preparation of meetings, facilitation of interactive sessions where participants would comment on the Guidance Principles and provide suggestions, report writing and utilisation of outcomes to further improve the Guidance Principles. 3) Governance aspects, in particular the development of clear terms of reference for participation in the Guidance Principles development and decision-making process. 4) Development of a theory of change, in line with ISEAL Impact Code. Development and implementation of a communication strategy.
The Better Cotton Initiative (BCI) is the leading standard for sustainable production of cotton; it operates in 9 countries worldwide. E4tech conducted an external evaluation of BCI assurance system, which defines the rules and processes used by country managers, implementation partners and independent verifiers to evaluate compliance of cotton producers with BCI standard. The objectives of the evaluation was to assess the extent to which BCI assurance rules and processes are adequately implemented and provide recommendations regarding possible areas of improvements, in line with ISEAL Assurance Code (www.isealalliance.org). In partnership with Jinke Van Dam Consultancy, we developed a systematic review protocol, which included the verification of BCI documentation (producers’ self-assessments, external evaluation by country managers, audit reports), interviews of assurance providers (country managers, implementation partners and independent verifiers) and BCI staff, and a high-level evaluation. E4tech provided BCI with its conclusions and recommendations, which were positively received and implemented.
Our client, a global conglomerate, had identified sustainability as a major growth driver and water specifically as a field for investment. E4tech was engaged to apply its knowledge of sustainable technologies and provide an evaluation of different water and waste water treatment technologies, with regards to their potential for investment. From a list of 15 pre-selected technologies, E4tech came up with a short list of the most promising technologies, looking specifically at their market perspectives, innovation and IP potential, capacity to address specific challenges in our client’s key investment sectors (Food & Beverage, Oil & Gas, Power and Ballast Water Treatment). The selected technologies were used to provide our client with a list of potential candidate companies active in the relevant technologies and sectors. A detailed profile and grading in terms of investment potential were provided for 13 companies, ranging from start-ups to multinationals.
E4tech supported EU Directorate General for Energy (DG ENER) in evaluating the impact of different EU bioenergy policy scenarios on global greenhouse gas emissions. Based on recent research works such as the BioImpact and Recebio projects, E4tech analysed the key elements in EU bioenergy policies (e.g. sustainability criteria, forest management constraints, inclusion targets) that would have the biggest impact on greenhouse gas emissions in EU and worldwide, as well as related impacts on natural resources (e.g. forests and agricultural lands) and selected economic sectors (bioenergy, pulp & paper, construction, etc.). We also evaluated the need, feasibility, and potential impacts of end-use efficiency criteria for biomass in heat and power in addition to existing EU energy efficiency measures. Finally, we assessed the environmental desirability and practical feasibility of a negative list of biomass feedstocks, building on the existing EU biofuels sustainability framework (Annex IX). As a result, E4tech provided the Commission with detailed guidance and clarifications regarding future policy developments.