Report Archive | 2018

Follow-up Survey of Households in the Pilot Regions

This study reports the results of a follow-up survey conducted in the pilot regions of Leskovac and Vlasotince (“South Serbia Region”), Užice  and Bajina Bašta  (“South-West Serbia Region”, and Ivanjica and Nova Varoš   (“Control Region”) that were selected as part of Component 3 of the GIZ Programme “Establishing a sustainably bioenergy market in Serbia”. Component 3 ran from December 2013 until July 2017, and its objective was to improve the efficiency of firewood use in households. The target of Indicator 3 of the GIZ programme, was set to “10,000 additional households which use wood fuels efficiently in the selected regions”.

The follow-up household survey revealed that in the heating season 2016/17, 14,810 additional households, i.e.  15,427 total households (22.4% of the population), in the pilot regions used wood fuels efficiently, up from the baseline value of 617 (1%) from 2013/14, and thus over-achieving the target value of 10,000 additional households (i.e. a total of 15% of households) in the pilot regions.

In the Control Region, which did not benefit from the activities of Component 3, a mere 3.8% of households used wood fuels efficiently.

The report discusses data gathering through the survey in detail, detailed results obtained, and makes recommendations as to continue to improve the use of wood fuels in households in Serbia.

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Assessment of the Market of Wood Fuels and Solid Fuel Heating and Cooking Appliances in Serbia

This report supports the knowledge base relating to “Improving the efficiency of the use of fire wood in households”, which is a component of the GIZ DKTI Programme “Development of a Sustainable Bioenergy Market in Serbia”. It constitutes an update of the market report published in 2014.
It is divided into two main chapters: wood fuels and solid fuel heating appliances, and in each endeavors to give the reader insight into production, consumption, international trade and quality issues. Its scope is limited to the household level, and focuses on the use of wood fuels for heating and cooking. The appendices are written to provide additional information about issues touched
upon in the report.

This report synthesizes data obtained over the three year project duration, via direct interviews with industry players, official data requests to the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, reports published by other initiatives and projects (as referenced), data bases of the University of Belgrade-Faculty of Forestry (Centre for timber trade), unpublished internal reports and on occasion, anonymised industry sources.

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Bioenergy for Sustainable Energy Access in Africa – A scoping study of the opportunities and challenges of bioenergy replication across Sub-Saharan Africa

These two reports were the results of a one year scoping study undertaken by E4tech, in collaboration with LTS International and the University of Edinburgh, to identify and evaluate barriers and opportunities for the replication of modern bioenergy in Sub-Saharan Africa.

The Executive Summary of the Handover and Project Completion report summarises our approach and also the main findings of the three key stages of the project; Literature Review and Stakeholder mapping, Technology Value Chain Prioritisation, and the Technology Country Case Studies. The published report also outlines the next steps as part of the larger Transforming Energy Access (TEA) programme. In the first stage we prioritised Anaerobic Digestion (AD), Gasification and combustion to steam turbine, from an initial list of 27 technologies based on a multi-criteria analysis. Based on this analysis, the research conducted during the second stage generated a database of existing project examples in SSA of these three technologies. Based on existing deployment we prioritised AD and gasification projects as basis for the Technology Country Case Study stage.

Project Completion & Handover Report

The Technology Country Case Study report describes research opportunities for replication of biogas that DFID-supported research could address and leverage. The analysis also identified key barriers for the replication of biogas and gasification and is based on 18 project visits (12 biogas plants and 6 gasifiers) in seven countries in East-, West- and Southern Africa. Three of the profiled biogas projects are technically and commercially successful; they suggest that viable ventures can be developed and operated in SSA under the right conditions.

The barriers experienced by biogas developers fall into the following six categories:
1. Unreliable feedstock supply
2. Costly and insufficiently adapted technology
3. Limited operator technical capacity
4. Lack of viable business models
5. Unfavourable policy and regulation
6. Limited access to manufacturer support and spare parts

In contrast to anaerobic digestion, the developers of all six profiled gasification projects have encountered significant barriers that make replication very challenging. The four community-based plants have been mothballed due to poor commercial viability or technical problems. The fifth is dormant due to lack of feedstock, and the sixth has yet to be commissioned due to gas cleaning problems.

As barriers encountered for gasification were so wide-ranging there is no realistic opportunity for research to boost replication potential and we recommended focusing future research efforts on anaerobic digestion. Through targeted research, DFID could add impetus to the growing commercial investment in SSA’s anaerobic digestion sector. We recommended targeted research themes in each of the six identified barriers to support the replication of anaerobic digestion in SSA. Opportunities for replication of anaerobic digestion in SSA exist in particular due to the large number of agri-businesses with concentrated on-site feedstock availability, existing successful project examples to build upon, and the potential to reduce capital cost and increase productivity through innovation, therefore achieving commercial viability.

Technology Country Case Study Report

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Low carbon fossil fuels sustainability risks and accounting methodology

This study for the UK Department for Transport reviews the potential sustainability impacts of low carbon fossil fuels, and develops a methodology for assessing their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This GHG assessment needs to account for where the carbon would otherwise have been destined, had it not been used to make a new fuel product. Adopting this approach, this research illustrates that lifecycle carbon impacts of alternative fossil fuels range from significantly higher, to significantly lower emissions than conventional fossil petrol and diesel. The report also identifies a range of broader sustainability risks relating to air quality impacts, encouraging the production of more wastes, and of making an inefficient use of resources, for example, through contravening the waste hierarchy. If low carbon fossil fuels are given policy support, the study suggests that robust sustainability criteria should be in place to mitigate these risks.

Final report

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