Momentum behind a wide range of alternative fuels in different transport modes is growing, and E4tech has been working with the Oil and Gas Climate Initiative (OGCI) on a major 13 month study to assess opportunities in low carbon fuel value chains and their potential development and deployment across road, marine and aviation transport. The study evaluated a range of reformulated fuels, biofuels, e-fuels and hydrogen with CCS for use in existing, modified or new engines and infrastructure. The later stages of the study focused increasingly on marine and aviation, as transport sectors more difficult to decarbonise through electrification.
Aviation fuel demand is expected to continue to grow over the next decades and continue to rely heavily on kerosene fuel for use in jet engines.
On 3rd March 2020, the Dutch Minister of Infrastructure and Water presented a letter to parliament announcing that the government will introduce a Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) blending obligation by 2023, if an equivalent European obligation is not put in place by this time. This announcement was made on the basis of a study that E4tech and studio Gear Up carried out for the Dutch government investigating the effectiveness of a renewable energy obligation for aviation. With the recent approval of the Green Deal, momentum has grown around implementing stronger European policy on low-carbon aviation, with special focus on SAF.
Global advanced biofuel capacity is low, and substantial scale-up is needed in order to meet EU climate targets, according to a recent study by E4tech for the European Commission.