EU policy on advanced biofuel feedstocks: where next for Annex IX?

E4tech, together with Cerulogy, the ICCT, Navigant, SCS and Wageningen UR, is supporting the European Commission with the identification of potential candidate feedstocks for inclusion in Annex IX of the Renewable Energy Directive, following a detailed assessment against set sustainability criteria. As part of our mandate, we are consulting experts from various sectors (companies, trade associations, governments, academics, civil society) to suggest feedstocks and gather evidence for or against their potential inclusion. If you are interested in contributing to our consultation, please contact us at 

In its recast of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED II), the European Union sets a mandatory target contribution of 3.5% by energy for advanced biofuels in the transport sector by 2030. This target is to be met by biofuels produced from non-food/feed feedstocks listed in Annex IX part A of the RED II, and fuels produced from these feedstocks can be double counted towards meeting the renewable energy in transport target. Fuels produced from feedstocks listed in Part B of Annex IX do not contribute to the 3.5% target, but could be double-counted towards the 14% overall renewable energy in transport target. The RED II includes a mechanism whereby the European Commission can add new feedstocks to Annex IX.


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