Recent E4tech work for UK Department for Transport (DfT) shows that EU Renewable Energy Directive sustainability thresholds could constrict availability of biodiesel by 2020. Beyond then, overcoming market barriers and freeing up land areas globally could dramatically increase the availability of energy crops for lignocellulosic biofuels. This is despite increasing global competition for bioenergy in the heat, power and industry sectors. E4tech’s work assessed potential bioenergy uptake scenarios in the UK transport sector to 2050. Results of this work have already been used in the Committee on Climate Change bioenergy review, and DfT has recently commissioned further sensitivity analyses. The 10 month project was conducted alongside AEA, as part of the larger ‘Modes’ projects. Our report is published on DfT's website and can be accessed here.