E4tech was commissioned by Transport & Environment (T&E) to assess whether, when and how direct air capture (DAC) could be scaled up to make e-kerosene at the scale needed to decarbonise European aviation. Decarbonising aviation will require significant ramp up of sustainable aviation fuels, including e-kerosene, a fuel produced by combining renewable hydrogen with carbon dioxide (CO2). T&E wanted to know how feasible it would be to do this using CO2 captured from the air, through DAC. This is particularly timely, as the European Commission is preparing to launch Refuel EU aviation, an initiative to boost supply and demand for sustainable aviation fuels in the EU, which is expected to include a target for use of e-kerosene.
The world’s largest pure-play sustainability advisory firm, ERM, has acquired E4tech – an energy and sustainability strategy consultancy specializing in innovative and disruptive low-carbon technologies.
E4tech was pleased to work with Houlder and the IMO-Norway GreenVoyage2050 project to develop and deliver two virtual 4-day training workshops on Alternative Fuels and Energy Carriers for Shipping. The energy transition is lapping at the shores of the shipping industry, with large-scale transformation in fuel-use needed to achieve the International Maritime Organisation’s decarbonisation targets. The recently-completed workshops equipped participants from China, Georgia, India and South Africa with the knowledge to understand and shape this transition in their own countries, whilst also recognising the opportunities alternative fuels may bring.
2020 recorded a 10% increase in fuel cell shipments to 1.3 GW capacity despite COVID. This is lower growth than anticipated before the outbreak, but the shipments attest to the resilience of the technology. Shipments of PEM fuel cells for transportation continue to dominate, at two thirds of the capacity. Hyundai alone, with its NEXO, represents nearly half of all shipments by capacity. In numbers, the Ene-Farm programme now fields nearly 50,000 units a year, split between Aisin and Panasonic. South Korea is showing strong growth in capacity in response to the Renewable Portfolio Standard.
The Green Fuels, Green Skies competition, was launched today by the Department for Transport (DfT) and delivery partners E4tech and Ricardo Energy & Environment. The competition will provide up to £15 million in grant funding to UK Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) projects during the 2021/22 financial year, as part of a drive to develop a SAF industry in the UK. It will support the early-stage development of UK SAF plants, referred to as the “Front End Engineering Design (FEED)”, “Pre-FEED” and “Feasibility Study” stages of a project’s development life cycle.